In this extremely HY podcast, I discuss the renin angiotensin aldosterone system in detail and also make lots of integrations that show up as exam questions on all the USMLEs. Definitely worth a listen before you take your test.
In this podcast, I continue the ICU series from Episode 416 with a discussion of crystalloids (normal saline, lactated ringers, and plasmalyte). I discuss physiology, pathophysiology, benefits of one vs the other, and situations where one is preferred to the other. I also discuss some perils of giving these fluids and the mechanisms behind these perils. I will be discussing colloids in another podcast.
In this short, but ultra HY podcast, I discuss the vast majority of what you need to know in relation to hypocalcemia for your USMLE exams. I spend a lot of time discussing mechanisms, pathophysiology, treatments, diagnostic approaches, and other key exam details.
In this short but extremely HY podcast, I discuss the vast majority of what you need to know in relation to amyloidosis for all the USMLE exams. Please listen to this podcast before you take any USMLE exam!
Secondary hypertension is tested on essentially every USMLE exam in some way, shape, or form. The NBMEs love to integrate the topic with many other disciplines. If you struggle with this specific topic, this podcast is exactly what you need. I present numerous vignettes, integrations, and physiology/pathology tie-ins to help you make sense and simplicity of a nebulous topic.
UTIs show up on essentially every USMLE exam. This podcast addresses pretty much everything you need to know about them for these tests. As a pro-tip, also consider listening to the urinalysis podcast (Ep 287).
Metabolic acidosis is a floridly HY topic to know and understand for all the USMLE exams. Unfortunately, many people struggle with it and resort solely to memorizing lists of differentials which is not ideal. Do you want to conceptually understand metabolic acidosis (both high and normal anion gap) and see it’s integrations with multiple disciplines? If yes, this podcast accomplishes just that. The final fact I wanted to mention but forgot is that anion gap increases with age. There are no attached slides.
In this episode, I review a topic that is floridly HY to know for all the USMLE exams (Step 1, 2CK, and 3). This topic has a unique way of presenting itself in physiological/pathological scenarios on these exams. I discuss the vast majority of these scenarios in this podcast. Pay close attention here. There are no attached slides.
In this podcast, I cover everything you can ever wish to know/understand about the HY nephrotic and nephritic syndromes that show up on Step 1, 2CK, 3, and the IM exams. I very rapidly cover the material in different layers and discuss classic findings, clinical presentation, diagnostic testing, treatment, and pathophysiology to help with really cementing the material. You’ll have to work incredibly hard to ever get any nephrotic/nephritic syndrome question wrong on pretty much any medical exam after listening to this. There are no attached slides.
In this episode, I continue our review for the above named exams with a HY discussion relating to nephrology. I spend the bulk of this podcast discussing the diseases of the glomerulus. There are no attached slides.